Approaching 600 billion yuan, the scale hit a record high-this is the province's foreign trade import and export data released by Chengdu Customs on January 27. How to see historical highs? What is its gold content? The reporter interviewed relevant people.
Look at the composition, mechanical and electrical products account for more than 80%
Good news came from Sichuan Xinlixin Import and Export Co., Ltd. on January 27. According to business statistics, the company achieved a total import and export volume of US$479 million last year, a year-on-year increase of 3.5%. As the largest circulating foreign trade company in the province, affected by many factors, in the first October of last year, the company's import and export volume increased by only 0.23%. In November of that year, riding on the east wind of the first China International Import Expo, the company seized the opportunity of consumption upgrade and actively expanded the import business of dairy products and meat products, achieving rapid growth in import and export volume.
Xinlixin is the epitome of tens of thousands of foreign trade enterprises in the province. According to Pan Xudong, Director of the Statistics and Analysis Division of Chengdu Customs, in 2018, Sichuan’s import and export growth rate was 29.2%, second only to Heilongjiang, ranking second in the country; export value growth was 31.4%, ranking first in the country.
While the scale hit a new high, the amount of gold in our province’s foreign trade data continued to increase. The structure of import and export products continued to be optimized. High-tech products maintained rapid growth, achieving an import and export volume of 429.87 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 30.4%. Mechanical and electrical products are still the main commodities in foreign trade. The annual import and export of mechanical and electrical products is 503.46 billion yuan, accounting for 84.6% of the total import and export, an increase of 31.9% over the previous year. Automatic data processing equipment and its components and integrated circuits are the main export commodities, which together account for 55% of the export commodities; integrated circuits are the main imported commodities, accounting for more than half of the imported commodities, aircraft and other aircraft and machines for manufacturing flat panel displays And the device has doubled.
From the perspective of trade methods, processing trade and general trade are the main ones. In the whole year, processing trade and general trade realized imports and exports of 516.87 billion yuan, accounting for 86.9% of the total imports and exports. Among them, processing trade achieved 335.1 billion yuan in imports and exports.
Looking at the potential, private enterprises' import and export growth momentum is strong
According to the relevant person in charge of the Provincial Department of Commerce, the gold content is also reflected in the development potential.
In the past few days, Li Zhiling, chairman of Jiuzhaigou County Jiuzhaigou Industry Co., Ltd., Aba Prefecture, has been busy inquiring about the needs of customers in Singapore and Malaysia, hoping to win more orders after the holiday. For the first time to go out with the "Ten Thousand Enterprises Going Abroad" event, the company received orders. Last year, the export exceeded 1 million yuan, becoming the first private enterprise with actual export performance in Jiuzhaigou County.
Like Jiuzhen Dangshen, the import and export growth of private enterprises gained momentum last year. "Foreign-invested enterprises are still the main force in foreign trade, but the performance of private enterprises is very outstanding and has great potential." The relevant person in charge of the Provincial Department of Commerce said. In 2018, the import and export of foreign-invested enterprises in our province was 389.31 billion yuan, accounting for 65.5%. The import and export of private enterprises reached 135.18 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 45.6%, accounting for 22.7%, an increase of 2.5 percentage points from 2017, and the import and export growth rate was significantly faster than the overall level.
The potential is also reflected in the coordination of regional development and more diversified trade. The import and export volume of Mianyang, Yibin and other places increased rapidly, Mianyang increased by 1.3 times year-on-year, and Yibin increased by 68.2% year-on-year. As companies accelerate their pace of expanding international markets, new international markets, especially markets along the “Belt and Road” have been further developed. In 2018, the import and export of our province and the countries along the “Belt and Road” reached 165.22 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 24.4%, and the proportion of trade rose to 27.8%.
Look at expectations and strive to achieve a "good start"
Thailand International Machinery Exhibition, British Petroleum Exhibition, Indian Industry Exhibition, German Foundry Exhibition... Qu Guangyi, the chairman of the Sichuan Machinery Industry International Chamber of Commerce, has already solicited the opinions of its member companies and made a list of the exhibitions to participate in this year.
Although our province's foreign trade achieved rapid growth last year, there are many uncertain factors this year, and the pressure to maintain stable growth of foreign trade is not small. Xiong Jianzhong, chief economist of the Provincial Statistics Bureau, said that it is necessary to continue to pay attention to the impact of the Sino-US trade friction on Sichuan's imports and exports.
"Although the uncertainty of the new year increases, the expected growth of 3.5% globally will still bring trade space to the international market." The relevant person in charge of the Provincial Department of Commerce said that the department has begun planning. In the first quarter, the province’s foreign trade system will strengthen the implementation of the "Foreign Trade+" strategy, focusing on strengthening the effective organization and coordination of government resources, social resources, and corporate resources in terms of trade facilitation, financial support, and business environment construction; Enterprises need to strengthen the conversion of kinetic energy, promote structural adjustment, and organize enterprises to participate in domestic and foreign exhibitions. "We will strengthen the order analysis and tracking of key trading companies, take timely corresponding measures to ensure the smooth operation of foreign trade, and strive to achieve a good start." (Reporter Li Xinyi)