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From January to October, the scale of Sichuan's foreign trade import and export has exceeded that of last year

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:People's Daily Online-Sichuan Channel
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-09-15
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From January to October, the scale of Sichuan's foreign trade import and export has exceeded that of last year

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:People's Daily Online-Sichuan Channel
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-09-15
  • Views:

The reporter learned from Chengdu Customs on the 14th that according to statistics, from January to October 2018, the total import and export value of Sichuan’s goods trade was 481.89 billion yuan. The scale of foreign trade has exceeded the level of last year, an increase of 30.5% over the same period last year, which is much higher Over the same period, the overall increase in imports and exports across the country. Among them, exports were 267.98 billion yuan, an increase of 32.5%; imports were 213.91 billion yuan, an increase of 28%.

In terms of U.S. dollars, Sichuan achieved a total value of 73.65 billion U.S. dollars in imports and exports of goods trade from January to October, an increase of 35.6%.

In October, Sichuan’s import and export of goods was 59.75 billion yuan, an increase of 43.9%, the fastest growth rate of imports and exports this year. Among them, exports were 34.76 billion yuan, an increase of 42.2%; imports were 24.99 billion yuan, an increase of 46.3%, the fastest growth rate of imports this year.

According to Wu Jian, spokesperson of Chengdu Customs, Sichuan’s foreign trade showed several characteristics from January to October.

1. Trade methods are becoming more optimized: general trade is growing faster than processing trade. Imported equipment and export goods of foreign contracted projects in special customs supervision areas have increased significantly.

From January to October, Sichuan imported 264.59 billion yuan in processing trade, an increase of 26.9%, driving Sichuan’s foreign trade growth by 15.2 percentage points during the same period, accounting for 54.9% of Sichuan’s total foreign trade import and export value during the same period; General trade imports and exports amounted to 152.05 billion yuan, an increase of 35.9%, driving Sichuan's foreign trade growth over the same period by 10.9 percentage points, accounting for 31.6%; imports and exports by bonded logistics were 53.49 billion yuan, an increase of 28.9%, accounting for 11.1%.

During the same period, with the in-depth advancement of the “Belt and Road” construction and the “Made in Sichuan” marching towards high quality, Sichuan’s export of goods contracted to foreign countries and the import of advanced equipment in special customs supervision areas increased rapidly, with import and export values ​​of 5.06 billion yuan and 4.66 billion yuan, a rapid increase of 67% and 50% respectively, both significantly faster than the province's overall import and export growth rate of 30.5% in the same period. In addition, the leasing trade has exploded, with imports amounting to 1.4 billion yuan, compared with 7.82 million yuan in the same period last year.

2. The foreign trade market is becoming more diversified: Imports and exports to some countries along the “Belt and Road” are growing well.

From January to October, Sichuan’s imports and exports with Taiwan Province of China and Australia, which are among the top 10 trading partners, were 24.4 billion yuan and 10.11 billion yuan respectively, a rapid increase of 54.9% and 42% respectively.

In addition, the import and export of Sichuan and countries along the “Belt and Road” was 134.37 billion yuan, an increase of 26.5%, accounting for 27.9% of Sichuan’s total foreign trade import and export value during the same period, among which Vietnam (an increase of 44.8%), Indonesia (a surge of 1.3 times), and Bangladesh (Surge by 1.1 times), Ukraine (surge by 2.4 times), Uzbekistan (surge by 1.3 times), Oman (surge by 2.1 times) and Azerbaijan (surge by 2.5 times), etc.

3. The independent development trend of business entities has become more obvious: the proportion of foreign-invested enterprises' imports and exports has declined, and the growth of private enterprises and state-owned enterprises' imports and exports has been significantly faster than the overall growth rate.

From January to October, the import and export of foreign-invested enterprises in Sichuan was 309.61 billion yuan, an increase of 22.3%, and the proportion fell from 68.5% in the same period last year to 64.3%; the import and export of private enterprises was 113.06 billion yuan, an increase of 49.8%, driving a 10.2 increase in Sichuan's foreign trade in the same period. %, accounting for 23.5%, a 3% increase in the proportion; 58.89 billion yuan in imports and exports of state-owned enterprises, an increase of 44.9%, driving a 4.9% increase in Sichuan’s foreign trade over the same period, accounting for 12.2%, an increase of 1.2%.

Fourth, regional development tends to be coordinated: Chengdu still maintains a “leading” position but its proportion is declining. Mianyang and Yibin are growing rapidly. Chengdu High-tech Comprehensive Bonded Zone is still an important contributor to the province’s foreign trade.

From January to October, Chengdu realized an import and export value of 400.65 billion yuan, an increase of 27.5%. The import and export value of Mianyang reached 21.16 billion yuan, a surge of 1.3 times, ranking second in Sichuan. In the same period, among the top 5 cities and prefectures in terms of import and export value, Yibin's import and export value was 7.8 billion yuan, a rapid growth of 69.2%, second only to Mianyang's year-on-year growth rate.

From January to October, the import and export value of Chengdu High-tech Comprehensive Bonded Zone reached 279.04 billion yuan, an increase of 26.9%, accounting for 57.9% of the province's total foreign trade import and export value during the same period, driving the province's foreign trade growth by 16%. Among them, exports were 153.64 billion yuan, an increase of 34.9%, and imports were 125.4 billion yuan, an increase of 18.3%.

5. The structure of export products is further optimized: the proportion of exports of mechanical and electrical products has increased.

From January to October, Sichuan exported 213.76 billion yuan of mechanical and electrical products, an increase of 35.8%. The proportion of Sichuan’s foreign trade exports increased from 77.8% in the same period last year to 79.8%. The export product structure was further optimized. Among them, exports of automatic data processing equipment and its components were 98.8 billion yuan, an increase of 34.6%; integrated circuits were 50.09 billion yuan, an increase of 41.7%; automobiles were 7.28 billion yuan, an increase of 3.6 times; mobile phones were 1.9 billion yuan, an increase of 9.7 times; color TVs 14.2 Billion yuan, an increase of 12.4%.

In addition, Sichuan exported 17.1 billion yuan in seven categories of traditional labor-intensive products, an increase of 12.7%, accounting for 6.4% of Sichuan’s total export value during the same period. Among them, exports of textiles were 4.66 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%; footwear was 3.74 billion yuan, a decrease of 2.1%; clothing was 2.25 billion yuan, a decrease of 27.4%. During the same period, the export of agricultural products was 3.94 billion yuan, an increase of 6.6%; the export of titanium dioxide was 2.77 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%.

6. ​​The structure of imported products has become more optimized: the proportion of imports of high-tech products has increased, and the import of resource products such as metal ores has also maintained a rapid growth rate.

From January to October, Sichuan imported 189.77 billion yuan of mechanical and electrical products, an increase of 29.1%, accounting for 88.7% of Sichuan’s total import value during the same period. In the same period, imported high-tech products were 168.89 billion yuan (which crossed the statistical caliber of electromechanical products), an increase of 30.5%, and their proportion increased from 77.4% in the same period last year to 79%. The main products included integrated circuits (108.83 billion yuan, an increase of 16.9%). ), machines and devices for the manufacture of flat panel displays (18.23 billion yuan, a surge of 2.2 times), measurement and testing instruments (7.43 billion yuan, an increase of 71.7%), liquid crystal display panels (1.84 billion yuan, an increase of 16%), aircraft and other aircraft (1.28 billion yuan, a sharp increase of 2.5 times) and so on.

In addition, imported metal ore was 3.56 billion yuan, an increase of 22.2%; imported agricultural products were 4.01 billion yuan, an increase of 1.2%. In the same period, imported pulp was 2.83 billion yuan, an increase of 36.5%; imported steel was 830 million yuan, a decrease of 15.5%. (Wang Bo)

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